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Europe Governance & Law Policy & Politics South America

Coming to Terms with Reality: How Could the European Union Most Effectively Support Venezuela’s Democratization?

Introduction The European Union (EU) and the United States are usually seen as key players in democracy promotion around the world. Indeed, the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy engrains the principle of protecting and promoting democracy and human rights.[1] However, in its external relations with Latin America, the EU has long lacked a strategic […]

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Asia Pacific Book Reviews Governance & Law Security & Conflict

Review: Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal (Eds.) Kashmir and the Future of South Asia

Kashmir and the Future of South Asia edited by Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal examines the Kashmir crisis from a people-centered approach using a framework of state sovereignty and national security. The authors use the Kashmir crisis to illustrate how internal wars of partition continue to haunt South Asia as a result of its colonial […]

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Asia Pacific Governance & Law Middle East Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

Towards an ASEAN Model for Cooperation in Central Asia

ASEAN provides a working framework for Central Asian states to engage in comprehensive regional cooperation to neutralize internal conflicts and survive great power competition. A New Saigon After years of fighting a rural insurgency, a rushed American withdrawal leads to the collapse of a Washington-backed government and the desperate, mass evacuation of former American allies. […]

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Asia Pacific Governance & Law

On Its Pivotal Turning Point: The Prospect of Global Governance Forged by Chinese AI under the Rule of Law

Artificial intelligence (AI) is transforming how states worldwide address their domestic issues. China’s prowess is growing in the AI arena, which the United States currently leads. The utility of Chinese AI technology received further validation during the COVID-19 pandemic. On the bright side, its precision and efficiency proved essential to many public health programs funded […]

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Governance & Law North America Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

The United States Should Revive the Arctic Executive Steering Committee

The United States has set its sights on the Arctic as an emerging region of importance for US national security. In the past two years alone, the Department of Defense,[1] Department of Homeland Security,[2] Army,[3] Air Force,[4] Navy,[5] and Coast Guard[6] have all updated their Arctic strategies. High-level Trump administration officials like former National Security […]

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Africa Governance & Law Policy & Politics

Power, Strategy, and Outcomes in Negotiations in The Gambia

Introduction According to Bill Zartman, power is defined as the “ability by one party to move another in an intended direction.”[1]Power relates to physical force, but many aspects of power move beyond force. Weaker parties often form coalitions, appeal to public opinion, use principles and morality, and leverage other strategies to build their power.[2] When parties […]

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Asia Pacific Book Reviews Civil Society Governance & Law Special Content

Dapiran Observes a City on the Edge

In the waning days of Hong Kong’s 2014 student-lead Umbrella Movement, a hanging black banner read a prophetic message: We’ll Be Back. In 2019, those words came to fruition. The controversial introduction of a proposed extradition bill, allowing individuals in Hong Kong to face trial in Mainland Chinese courts, rocked the city and drew hundreds […]

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Governance & Law South America

Operation Mercury and Illegal Mining in Latin America

Money laundering serves as an important tool for transnational organized crime groups and terrorist organizations, enabling them to transform profit from illegal activities into clean funds for use in the licit financial system. Malign actors hide their money laundering efforts from law enforcement in a myriad of ways, but the purchase of legal or illegal […]

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Book Reviews Governance & Law Security & Conflict

The Hacker and the State by Ben Buchanan

Review of Buchanan, Ben. The Hacker and the State: Cyber Attacks and the New Normal of Geopolitics (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2020) Juniper Networks, a Silicon Valley company that makes networking products, made headlines in early June. Sixteen members of Congress sent a letter to the company’s CEO wanting to know why some of the […]

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Governance & Law Regional Security & Conflict South America

The Governance Competition in the Americas: “Criminal Charity” During COVID-19 Will Have Decade-long Consequences

Latin America’s criminal groups have leveraged the coronavirus pandemic to win the goodwill and support of local populations by delivering humanitarian assistance and co-opting public service provision in communities underserved by state institutions. Such levels of “criminal charity” could complicate the future efforts of Latin America’s weakest states to dismantle and defeat organized crime groups, whose power has grown in recent years.