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Governance & Law North America Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

The United States Should Revive the Arctic Executive Steering Committee

The United States has set its sights on the Arctic as an emerging region of importance for US national security. In the past two years alone, the Department of Defense,[1] Department of Homeland Security,[2] Army,[3] Air Force,[4] Navy,[5] and Coast Guard[6] have all updated their Arctic strategies. High-level Trump administration officials like former National Security […]

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Africa Governance & Law Policy & Politics

Power, Strategy, and Outcomes in Negotiations in The Gambia

Introduction According to Bill Zartman, power is defined as the “ability by one party to move another in an intended direction.”[1]Power relates to physical force, but many aspects of power move beyond force. Weaker parties often form coalitions, appeal to public opinion, use principles and morality, and leverage other strategies to build their power.[2] When parties […]

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Civil Society North America Policy & Politics

Finding Common Ground: The Effect of Geography on Domestic and Foreign Policy

Americans face a broad array of challenges at home and abroad. The physical, economic, and social effects of climate change; the dislocations caused by human migration; the health and economic consequences of pandemic and infectious disease; the impacts of globalization; and the increasing scarcity of natural resources, are a few of the most obvious. It’s […]

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Asia Pacific Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

The United States Needs India and Taiwan to Counterbalance China: Will the “Milk Tea Alliance” Work?

The White House declassified one of its most sensitive operational policies, the “U.S. strategic framework for the Indo-Pacific,” as part of the final maneuvers of Donald Trump’s presidency in early January 2021.[1] That decision bewildered diplomats, policymakers, and scholars at home and abroad. After all, it was not only a mystery as to why this national security document […]

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Africa Policy & Politics

Africa Is Not a Region, and Policymakers Should Stop Treating It Like One

With the new presidential administration in the United States, numerous articles have been published which suggest initiatives for the Biden administration, including from such Washington institutions as the Council on Foreign Relations,[1] the Center for Strategic and International Studies,[2] and Foreign Policy magazine.[3] Many innovative and sound policy ideas are found in these pages. But by examining Africa policy in […]

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Europe Policy & Politics

The New Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office: More of the same?

Amidst Brexit and a pandemic, the U.K. government announced an ambitious merger of its foreign and development ministries, which took place in September. As the country undertakes a major review of its foreign and defense policy, what do the past and present of UK. aid tell us about the potential trajectory of British foreign policy under the Foreign, Commonwealth and […]

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Asia Pacific Economics Policy & Politics Regional

The RCEP minus India: Reasons and Implications

The RCEP was to be a potent vehicle to support the spread of global production networks and reduce the inefficiencies of the multiple prior Asian trade agreements. Yet India still pulled out. Why?

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Africa Economics Policy & Politics

How a Population of 4.2 Billion Could Impact Africa by 2100: The Possible Economic, Demographic, and Geopolitical Outcomes

Since the United Nations released the 2017 edition of its annual World Population Prospects report that predicted a surge in the population of Africa as early as 2050, African leaders and development economists have debated how the continent should prepare. This article analyzes Africa’s looming demographic explosion and its likely consequences to help provide the foundational knowledge required for African leaders to make informed policy decisions.

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International Development Policy & Politics South America

Three to Tango: Argentina, IMF, and Debt

An examination of Argentina’s current political economy reveals that many structural vulnerabilities persist to this day. Will the current IMF program work?

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Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

The Nuclear Spectrum

Much of the public discourse on nuclear security is based on the implications of binary scenarios: a nuclear state versus a non-nuclear one. This approach does not account for the fact that beyond these two positions lies a spectrum of relative nuclear capabilities and characteristics. Factors that determine the position of a state in this nuclear spectrum include the size of its nuclear arsenal, its delivery capabilities, the vulnerabilities of its nuclear infrastructure, and its tactical deployment strategy. The state’s relative position, in turn, produces different security implications.