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Europe North America Security & Conflict

Summons to Appear: NotPetya and the War Exclusion Clause

Introduction On June 27, 2017, a red and black skull flashed across hundreds of PCs across the world. The malware, known as NotPetya, spread rapidly and indiscriminately, integrating tools of EternalBlue and Mimikatz in a virulent combination.[1] The malware cost companies, like US-based Merck and Mondelez, millions of dollars.[2] To recuperate some of the damages, […]

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Europe Security & Conflict

A Post-Arms-Control World: The United States, Russia, and a New Policy Paradigm after the INF

As this historically significant arms-control treaty unravels, two of the world’s superpowers are heightening the potential for military conflict.

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Civil Society Europe Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

Prisoners of the Caucasus: Protracted Social Conflict in Chechnya

In Pushkin’s 1822 poem, Prisoner of the Caucasus, the epilogue proclaims, “And the violent cry of war fell silent: All is subject to the Russian sword. Proud sons of the Caucasus, You have fought, you have perished terribly.”[1] The political overtones of the poem’s dénouement are jarring compared to the poem’s earlier verses on romance, natural beauty, and the heroism of the Caucasian people. But the poem’s ending reveals the complicated position of the region in Russian history and culture. The Caucasus is simultaneously a place to be controlled, otherized, and romanticized.

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Europe Governance & Law Security & Conflict

Middle Powers to the Rescue?

For seven decades, the United States has prided itself in being a reliable and committed NATO partner, willing to protect all allies at all times. Today such assurances no longer appear rock-solid. … In this context, one is reminded of Czech-born writer Milan Kundera’s insightful words regarding the fate of small countries: “What distinguishes the small nations from the large is not the quantitative criterion of the number of their inhabitants; it is something deeper: for them their existence is not a self-evident certainty but always a question, a wager, a risk.”

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Europe Governance & Law Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

The Geopolitical Variable Called Ukraine

At no point in modern European history have the people of Ukraine occupied as important a role in European geopolitical developments as they do today. Although not yet immediately apparent, the 2014 overthrow of President Viktor Yanukovych and the political and economic transformation will have greater geopolitical consequences than European policy makers often assume. If Ukraine’s transformation fails, its example will deliver a shattering blow to those calling for increased liberalization in remaining illiberal states across Eastern Europe.

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Energy & Environment Europe

Can Russia Maintain European Demand of Natural Gas in a Changing World?

In this article, author Joniel Cha investigates current trends in Russian natural gas production and exports, focusing on its role in the European energy markets. He analyzes how Russia uses natural gas production for its geopolitical strategy, the policies of different European countries, the effects of external shocks, and other strengths and weaknesses of the Russian gas sector to assess its future as supplier to Europe.

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Asia Pacific Civil Society Europe Governance & Law Security & Conflict

Breaking News: Soviet Union Disintegrates

Part 2 of 3 in a series on NATO by Nic Wondra It just has not sunk in yet. Somehow, The US’s (and therefore NATO’s) largest concern is the Russian Federation. The upcoming elections will bring a lot of issues to light, even if we see another Putin-Medvedev administration.  The Western press seems to write […]