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Asia Pacific North America Security & Conflict

Clash of the Chips: A Comparison of US-China Semiconductor Production Capacities

Introduction The 2021 National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence identified artificial intelligence (AI) as an inspiring technology, one that will be the most powerful tool for future generations towards benefiting humanity.[1] It also recognized that AI-enhanced capabilities will serve as the tools of first resort in a new era of conflict and cooperation. Semiconductors, the […]

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Asia Pacific Europe Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

Europe’s Borderlands and China’s Challenge: Why War in Ukraine Matters

How are we to understand Russia’s aggression against Ukraine,[1] and how are we to respond? Invoking fabricated grievances,[2],[3] Russia on February 24, 2022 launched an all-out war against Ukraine. Friends and allies have shown solidarity, as Europe, the United States, and others impose sanctions against the aggressor, and an array of countries pledge lethal defensive […]

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Asia Pacific Governance & Law Middle East Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

Towards an ASEAN Model for Cooperation in Central Asia

ASEAN provides a working framework for Central Asian states to engage in comprehensive regional cooperation to neutralize internal conflicts and survive great power competition. A New Saigon After years of fighting a rural insurgency, a rushed American withdrawal leads to the collapse of a Washington-backed government and the desperate, mass evacuation of former American allies. […]

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Asia Pacific Governance & Law

On Its Pivotal Turning Point: The Prospect of Global Governance Forged by Chinese AI under the Rule of Law

Artificial intelligence (AI) is transforming how states worldwide address their domestic issues. China’s prowess is growing in the AI arena, which the United States currently leads. The utility of Chinese AI technology received further validation during the COVID-19 pandemic. On the bright side, its precision and efficiency proved essential to many public health programs funded […]

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Europe North America Security & Conflict

Summons to Appear: NotPetya and the War Exclusion Clause

Introduction On June 27, 2017, a red and black skull flashed across hundreds of PCs across the world. The malware, known as NotPetya, spread rapidly and indiscriminately, integrating tools of EternalBlue and Mimikatz in a virulent combination.[1] The malware cost companies, like US-based Merck and Mondelez, millions of dollars.[2] To recuperate some of the damages, […]

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Governance & Law North America Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

The United States Should Revive the Arctic Executive Steering Committee

The United States has set its sights on the Arctic as an emerging region of importance for US national security. In the past two years alone, the Department of Defense,[1] Department of Homeland Security,[2] Army,[3] Air Force,[4] Navy,[5] and Coast Guard[6] have all updated their Arctic strategies. High-level Trump administration officials like former National Security […]

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Policy & Politics Security & Conflict

The Nuclear Spectrum

Much of the public discourse on nuclear security is based on the implications of binary scenarios: a nuclear state versus a non-nuclear one. This approach does not account for the fact that beyond these two positions lies a spectrum of relative nuclear capabilities and characteristics. Factors that determine the position of a state in this nuclear spectrum include the size of its nuclear arsenal, its delivery capabilities, the vulnerabilities of its nuclear infrastructure, and its tactical deployment strategy. The state’s relative position, in turn, produces different security implications.

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Civil Society Governance & Law Policy & Politics

A Brief Introduction to Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies for Informed Policymaking

Blockchain has swept contemporary discourse, from tech circles to governments worldwide. But many presentations of blockchain often either oversimplify what it actually is or aim at highly technical audiences. Basic historical and technical understanding are prerequisites for informed consideration of blockchain’s implications, as well as for bringing its potential to bear in new domains. Providing that understanding is the purpose of this paper.

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Asia Pacific Book Reviews Security & Conflict

Assessing American Statecraft in Asia

The United States will not tolerate any other power establishing “exclusive hegemonic control” over Asia or the Pacific, according to renowned Asia scholar Michael Green. In a magisterial work, Green argues persuasively that this anti-hegemonic impulse has been the central driver of American grand strategy toward the Asia-Pacific for over two centuries.

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Europe Governance & Law Security & Conflict

European Union Foreign Policy and the Failure of Potential

Retired Army Colonel Fitz Fitzpatrick discusses the European Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy and Common Security and Defense Policy and the EU’s efforts to address crises in Libya, Ukraine and Syria. He argues that the EU has struggled to establish foreign and defense policies that are independent from the United States, and only an existential crisis will push the EU to fulfill its potential as an actor on the world stage.